Think of the anger and concern that wells up inside you when you spot an unattended dog tethered on a short leash to a parking meter or worse, trapped inside a locked, parked car. I'm betting that you do your best to find the owner and if necessary, rescue a dog from a hot car before he succumbs to heat stroke.
Now imagine if their was a solution to these unsafe canine scenarios. One innovative company thinks it has the answer. When a person wants to dash inside for a cup of coffee or grab a few grocery items while out walking their dog, they can usher their dog inside a modern-looking, climate-controlled dog house located just outside the establishment.
Welcome to the latest in inventions catering to the needs and wants of the 21st century dog: the DogSpot. Branded as a "smart sidewalk sanctuary," this housing unit began appearing in New York City with ambitious plans to expand to more than a dozen more cities within a year.
"New York has been a great place for us to test this service," says Chelsea Brownridge, founder/CEO of DogSpot in an interview with Pet Prodcut News. "For the last two years, we've had people beg us to come to their city next. I'm thrilled to say, 'We're ready.'"
He says that DogSpot is working with city planners as well as businesses and pet advocates to ensure a smooth expansion to these cities: Los Angeles, Washington, D.C.; Boston; San Hose, Calif.; Orlando, Fla.; Kansas City, Mo.; Columbus, Ohio; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Jersey City, N.J.; Charleston, S.C.; Columbia, S.C.; West Palm Beach, Fla.; South Hampton, N.Y.; and New Rochelle, N.Y.
These DogSpots feature an in-app Puppy Cam, 24/7 customer service, air-circulating heat and air conditioning (depending on the weather), auto-sanitizing UV lights and have been deemed legal and have earned approval by dozens of veterinarians. Brownridge touts them as a "safe and cozy home away from home while you briefly go somewhere your dog is not allowed."
In this age of rent-a-bikes and rent-a-scooters that are now littering sidewalks and parkways in major cities, there will be these canine housing units also taking up space on sidewalks. Time will tell if DogSpot is a doggone great solution or creates new problems – such as a dog trapped inside by an owner who forgot he was there or who intentionally abandons this dog. Stay tuned.
By Sarah Zumhofe
Being a great neighbor is all about being aware of your own impact on the environment, including cleanliness, tidiness, and noise level. When you have a dog, you have to try even harder to be conscientious. Being a good dog-owning neighbor isn’t difficult, but in some cases, it requires a little bit of extra work. Here are some fairly simple tips for how you can avoid ticking off the neighbors today.
Build a fence
If you don’t have a solid, dog-proof fence surrounding your property, then the first step to being a good neighbor is to get one built. This is certainly the most expensive and possibly time-consuming step you can take - according to Thumbtack, the average price to install a fence is $500 to $4,500 - but it’s also the most vital. Without a good fence, your dog will inevitably wander onto your neighbor’s property, which can be a problem for so many reasons. Not only that, but a fence prevents your dog’s line of sight. This can reduce their temptation to act out and misbehave.
Always leash up
It doesn’t matter how well-behaved and friendly your dog is. When you’re walking around the neighborhood, it’s just good etiquette to always have a leash on your dog. A friendly dog can be seen as aggressive, even if that “aggression” is just excitement. Some children and adults harbor a deep fear of dogs, especially ones that are large and/or rambunctious. Dogs on leashes are simply easier to control than dogs that are not. To ensure your dog doesn’t frighten someone, tear up someone’s flower bed, or discreetly poop on their lawn, just use a leash. It’s
good manners. And the benefits of keeping your dog leashed are plentiful.
If your dog has never been properly trained to walk on a leash, it’s important that you train him. He can be a danger to others and even himself, especially if he excites easily and tends to jump on people or take off running at any free opportunity. Angie’s List notes that it’s important to get the right gear
including a nylon, non-retractable dog leash and a harness or collar with ID tags. When you’re ready to start walking, Canna-Pet suggests starting inside and teaching him cues to enforce good and discourage bad behavior before taking your first stroll around the block.
Focus on proper training
There’s not a lot you can do to mitigate the misbehavior of a bad dog - so don’t have a bad dog. Improperly-trained dogs will bark, and will not stop when commanded to. Poorly-trained dogs will dig, jump at fences, and attempt to convince neighboring dogs to misbehave as well. You cannot overcome a bad dog through tricks and tips. The only way to avoid this is to focus on training.
The most annoying action a dog can take, in terms of infuriating neighbors, is to bark incessantly. How do you get your dog to stop barking? There are a variety of techniques that, if used in tandem, should make your dog relatively quiet. First, never leave your dog outside if they are barking. Second, remove the motivation. Do not reward your dog with attention when they bark. Ignore it (but ignore it inside). Finally, teach your dog to respond to the “quiet” command. You do this through positive reinforcement (praise and rewards when they are quiet).
Check here for more tips on this.
Pick up the poop
Many dog owners forget this simple fact: dog poop smells. It smells terrible. If you think that your neighbors can’t smell your dog’s waste that is left sitting in the backyard in the hot sun, you’re sorely mistaken. Being a good neighbor means scooping the poop, even if it’s just on your own property.
It’s also good for your dog’s health to clean up after them. As DogTrainingBasics.com points out, “Poop left lying around is just unsanitary. It can also lead to your dog picking up intestinal parasites.”
The key to being a good dog-owning neighbor is to remember than nobody loves your dog as much as you do. Not everyone is a dog person, and even the ones who are have trouble forgiving dog faux pas if they are committed again and again. In the end, if you focus on training, always clean up after your dog, and keep them under control at all times, you’ll be fine.
By Jessica Brody
Photo by Taylor Bryant on Unsplash
During warm months, the nose-sniffing curiosity and predatory nature of your dog could land them on the losing end in a confrontation with stinging insects in your yard or home.
And forget about trying to train an indoor cat, who is hardwired to pursue moving prey, to not chase, swat or even eat a wayward stinging insect flying inside your home.
“In regards to bees and wasps, the real issue is the number of stings the animal gets and whether he or she is allergic to the sting,” says dermatologist William H. Miller, VMD, a director of the Companion Animal Hospital at Cornell University School of Veterinary Medicine.
The Buzz on Bees
Honey bees are work-driven insects on pollinating missions. They are more out and about during the heat of the day, flying from one patch of flowers and ground covers to the next to collect pollen. They tend to sting only when they’re protecting their hives or dogs or cats are aggressively stalking them.
However, killer bees can be provoked enough to inflict a swarm attack on dogs and cats.
If you can easily see the stinger on the dog or cat, slide the edge of your driver’s license or credit card against the stinger to push it out. Refrain from using tweezers or even your fingernails — you can unintentionally rupture the venom sac. Monitor the pet and if necessary, consult a veterinarian about giving the pet a pet-safe antihistamine to reduce mild swelling.
It can take hours for an oral over-the-counter medication to be effective. However, some pets can have a severe allergic reaction to insect stings. If the pet’s throat swells, cutting off his air supply, and begins breathing rapidly, wheezes, vomits, trembles, displays pale gums or collapses, immediately take him to the veterinarian. He could be going into anaphylactic shock, an emergency in which the blood circulation shuts down.
“Be prepared to do CPR if necessary, especially with swelling around the throat that may block breathing,” says Dr. Miller. “And get to the clinic as quickly as possible.”
If a bee enters your home, shuttle the pet into a closed room and then try to usher the bee back out a door. Restrict access to popular bee areas: flower beds with pollen-producing plants and yards with clover.
The Word on Wasps
Unlike honey bees, wasps, including yellow jackets, paper wasps and hornets, tend to be aggressive attackers who repeatedly sting their targets. Heed the same care advice as given for bees.
Wasps tend to make nests in holes in the ground and the eaves, under porches, sheds and even fencing. Regularly inspect these areas for signs of wasp nests, especially during summer. Contact a professional pest control company if you find multiple nests or a large one. For a small nest, don long sleeves and pants, follow the instructions on the pesticide container and spray at night when wasps are less active and more apt to be inside the nest.
By Sarah Zumhofe
Hormone Linked to Canine Aggression? University researchers explore the biology behind canine aggression.
For some dog owners, a leisurely walk can turn stressful the moment their canine companion sees another pup walking by. Dogs with what is known as “leash aggression” may bark, growl or lunge at other dogs during walks, setting the scene for a tense and potentially dangerous interaction.
So why do some dogs lash out on the leash while others don’t? Hormones may be partly to blame, according to new research led by the University of Arizona’s Evan MacLean.
Although a number of studies have looked at the role of testosterone and serotonin in aggression in dogs and other mammals, those hormones may be only part of the story, according to MacLean’s findings, which are published in a special issue of the journal Frontiers in Psychology.
MacLean and his collaborators looked specifically at oxytocin and vasopressin — hormones that are also found in humans -- and found that they may play an important role in shaping dogs’ social behavior.
Better understanding the biology behind canine aggression could help with the development of interventions, said MacLean, an assistant professor of anthropology and director of the Arizona Canine Cognition Center in the UA School of Anthropology.
“Dog aggression is a huge problem. Thousands of people are hospitalized every year for dog bites,” MacLean said. “If there are ways to intervene and affect biological processes that produce aggression - that could have a huge benefit both for people and dogs.”
MacLean was interested in oxytocin and vasopressin — sometimes thought of as “yin and yang” hormones — because of the growing research on their role in the biology of social behavior.
Oxytocin is sometimes called the “love hormone,” as its levels in humans have been shown to increase when we hug or kiss a loved one. Vasopressin is a closely related hormone involved in water retention in the body. In contrast to oxytocin, it has been linked to aggression in humans, with previous research suggesting that people with chronic aggression problems have high levels of vasopressin.
For the study, MacLean and his collaborators recruited pet dogs of varying ages, breeds and sexes, whose owners reported struggles with leash aggression. For each aggressive dog recruited, the researchers found a non-aggressive dog of the same sex, age and breed to serve as a comparison.
During the experiment, each dog was held on a leash by his owner. Across the room, an experimenter played audio of a dog barking behind a curtain, before pulling back the curtain to reveal a lifelike dog model with a human handler. The dogs in the study were presented in the same way with everyday noises and three common objects — a cardboard box, trash bag and an inflated yoga ball.
While none of the dogs in the study reacted aggressively toward the box, bag or ball, many in the leash aggression group had aggressive responses to the model dog, including barking, growling and lunging. The dogs who reacted aggressively showed higher levels of total vasopressin in their systems, suggesting a link between vasopressin and aggression.
The researchers did not observe differences in oxytocin levels between the two groups of dogs. However, when they compared the oxytocin levels of the pet dogs in the study to a group of assistance dogs, which are specifically bred to have non-aggressive temperaments, they found that the assistance dogs had higher levels of oxytocin and higher oxytocin-to-vasopressin ratios. This supports the idea that oxytocin may help inhibit aggression in dogs.
Future research might consider new interventions focused on vasopressin and oxytocin, MacLean said.
A piece of good news for pet owners and their pups: One way to boost dogs’ oxytocin levels and decrease vasopressin is through friendly dog-human interactions.
“Previous work shows dog-human friendly interactions can create a release in oxytocin in dogs, and when dogs interact with people, we see that their vasopressin levels go down over time,” MacLean said. “These are bidirectional effects. It’s not just that when we’re petting a dog, the dog is having this hormonal response — we’re having it, too.”
By Sarah Zumhofe
You see a dog sweating and suffering inside a locked car in a parking lot on a hot day. What do you do?
Keep in mind that the temperature may be 70 degrees outside, but inside a closed vehicle, the temperature can soar up to 90 degrees in just 10 minutes. Each minute that passes means increased danger for pets who can become overheated and suffer from heat stroke in a matter of minutes. Untreated, he can go into cardiac arrest and die. Cars heat up more than you think even if it's overcast outside. Signs of heatstroke include excessive panting, agitation, vomiting, weakness and collapse.
And, what are your legal rights to step in and rescue this pet? It depends on which state you live.
According to the Animal Legal and Historical Center, legislators in 26 states have enacted laws to protect animals left unattended in parked vehicles. These laws allow for people to rescue these dogs, cats and other animals who are distressed due to, but not limited to hot temperatures.
These states are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
The provisions of the law in each of these states vary as to what rescuers can legally do. Many require the rescuer to first call 911 or contact local law enforcement before breaking the window to retrieve a distressed pet. Rescuers must remain on the scene with the pet until law enforcement or a first responder arrives. So do the degree of criminal charges. They can range from a warning and a $100 fine for first conviction to a class 1 misdemeanor, fines up to $2,000 and imprisonment up to 1 year.
States currently with no laws to protect animals left in parked vehicles are Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Utah and Wyoming plus Washington, D.C.
For updates, please go to Animal Legal and Historical Center site. Click on this link:
Bottom line: It is illegal in all 50 states to commit animal cruelty, neglect, endangerment and abuse. Experts say whether or not you jump in to rescue a hot pet out of an unattended vehicle is your decision. They suggest that you:
Many of us would happily face criminal charges, fines, and possible jail time if it meant saving the life of a cat, dog or other companion animal.
By Sarah Zumhofe
A controversial subject regarding appropriate pet care is whether to keep cats indoors only or allow them access to the great outdoors.Some people think “cats should be cats” and should be allowed outside to chase field mice, lie in the grass, and have all sorts of outside cat adventures. Other people think cats should never be allowed outdoors.
Below are 10 reasons to keep cats indoors.
1. Indoor cats typically live many years longer than cats who are allowed outside. According to national research, indoor cats live an average of 16 years or more, while cats allowed outside live only about five years.
2. Cats who are allowed outside can be stolen, abused, killed, run over by cars, get lost or injured or killed by other creatures.
3. Cats who are allowed outdoors can get themselves trapped in things like other people’s garages or sheds, and if they are not found, they will slowly die of starvation.
4. Cats are very curious, hence the saying, “curiosity killed the cat.” Cats can lick antifreeze, or other poisons, crawl up into warm car engines where they can become hurt or taken for a harried and unexpected journey under the hood of a moving car. They can come back home from their day out sicker than a dog (no pun intended) and you won’t know what they ingested and that will make it more difficult for your veterinarian to try and save your feline friend.
5. If a cat is let outdoors, you won’t know if his/her bowel movements are regular, if she or he has diarrhea, constipation, or even going at all. A responsible pet owner will be aware of their cat’s health by monitoring their elimination habits and that is more challenging to do with an indoor/outdoor cat. Outdoor cats can have urinary tract infections and their owners may not be aware of it until a more serious issue arises.
6. Outdoor cats can bring home all sorts of things like dead mice and birds, and harass the lovely birds in the yard and at the bird feeders.
7. Cats can bring in fleas and ticks, cuddle up on beds with the owners, and the next thing you know “oh, oh!” there is a new problem in your house!
8. If a cat comes home with injuries after fighting with who knows what type of creature, he or she will have to be rushed to the veterinary clinic, incurring medical fees and time spent nursing the cat back to health.
9. Cats who are let outdoors without identification may become lost and will not be able to be returned to the owner simply because there is no way to find them. They may be returned to a shelter and might have to stay days before they can be located, causing further stress and anxiety. The person who found the cat may also opt to keep him/her and the owner may never see their cat again.
10. Cats who are allowed outside may not come home at night and leave an owner worried. This will impact the owner’s life the next day because they’ve been up most of the night worrying if their cat is okay.
Some people have the misconception that cats cannot be happy indoors because it is not their “true nature” to be inside all the time. If owners train their cat to be an indoor cat and provide him/her with lots of attention, love, great nutrition, an assortment of toys, scratching posts, a tower or two, a clean litter box, and some sunny spots, he or she will thrive and probably live to a ripe old age. Owners will also know where their cat is at all times, will not be wary of cuddling their cat for fear of fleas or ticks or by aggravating your allergies with the pollen the outdoor cat brought home, and they will be more able to monitor the cat’s health.
More Insights into Cats
To help you understand indoor cats better, here are some surprising feline truths from, Fit Cat: Tips & Tricks to Give Your Pet a Longer, Healthier, Happier Life by Arden Moore:
Cats are furry Rip Van Winkles. Indoor cats sleep nearly two-thirds of every day — up to about 18 hours a day. Only opossums and bats snooze more — about 20 hours a day.
Cats are speedy and springy. A house cat can reach speeds up to 30 miles per hour and jump up to seven times his height from a sitting position. The fastest domesticated cat breed on record is the Egyptian Mau, clocked at 36 mph.
Cats outtalk dogs 10 to 1. Cats can make more than 100 distinctive vocalizations as compared to about 20 sounds for dogs. But these feline sounds are mostly directed at people because they rarely meow at other cats.
Cats can give off a ghoulish glow in dim light. Causing this glow is a group of light-sensitive cells located behind the retinas known as the tapetum lucidum. This is a Latin term meaning bright carpet. These cells allow cats to take in extra light in dimly lit situations. These special cells enable cats to quickly adapt to low-light conditions in the house.
Cats put the C in color. Cats come in more than 75 different colors and patterns beyond white, black and brown. Some sport shades of red, orange, silver, lilac and other hues.
A cat’s tongue contains rows of barbs called filiform papillae. Barbs are the reason behind the sandpaper-like texture of your cat’s tongue. These barbs are positioned toward the throat and are designed to help a cat hold his prey, such as a mouse — or a paper wad — in her mouth.
Some cats actually like to get wet. Turkish Vans hail from Lake Van and earned the nickname, “swimming cats.” Bengals also are drawn to water and have surprised some of their owners by joining them in the shower.
By Sarah Zumhofe
DOG FACTS: The Pet Parent’s A-to-Z Home Care Encyclopedia is Amy Shojai’s culmination of more than 25 years writing about dogs. DOG FACTS is organized in an easy to use A-to-Z format, with quick tips boxes throughout, and a handy symptoms-conditions chart. It’s published as an exclusive E-book on Kindle with a detailed click-able index, while the widely available print book includes an expanded index to easily accesses life-saving and edu-taining information.
I’m delighted to share these sample excerpts from the more than 200 entries in this 638-page book. I hope these quick tips will intrigue, and help keep your dog happy and safe. Let’s begin!
Acne: Canine acne is common in adolescent dogs, particularly short-coated breeds like Doberman Pinschers, Great Danes and Boxers. Most dogs outgrow the condition. Holistic veterinarians recommend applying a tincture (or tea) of the herb calendula on a cotton ball, used as a compress for five minutes each day to help speed healing.
Bloat: This syndrome affects up to 60,000 dogs each year. All dogs can be affected, but breeds that have a narrow but deep chest have the greatest incidence of the condition. Typically, dogs whine and pace in an effort to get comfortable. The dog may try to vomit or defecate without success. The stomach becomes swollen and painful. Bloat is a life-threatening emergency that requires immediate veterinary intervention if your dog is to survive.
Car Sickness: Ginger is a natural remedy that can relieve car sickness. Sprinkle the contents of a capsule n a tablespoon of baby food, and give your dog about 20 minutes before the car ride. Dogs weighing more than 15 pounds can take 500 milligrams of ginger (for smaller dogs, half that amount). Some dog show professionals offer their dogs ginger snap cookies, which may also work, but do tend to stain white fur if the dog slobbers.
Diarrhea: Acute diarrhea is treated by withholding food for at least 24 hours to rest the gastrointestinal tract. As long as there is no vomiting along with the diarrhea, offer small amounts of water or ice cubes during this time. You also can use Kaopectate at a dosage of ½ to 1 teaspoon per five pounds of pet, up to a maximum of 2 tablespoons every eight hours. If diarrhea persists for more than 24 hours, see your veterinarian.
Electrical Shock: Most accidents result from the puppy or dog chewing through an electric cord. Electrical current may cause muscle contractions that make your dog bite down even harder, and prevent her from releasing the cord. If you find your dog in such a situation, shut off the current and disconnect the plug before attempting to touch her or you risk being shocked, too.
Flatulence: Gas is produced naturally in the intestines during digestion. Flatulence can be the sign of a health problem. Gorging allows food to stay in the stomach for extended periods, and tends to make dogs more prone to gas. Feed your dogs separately to cut down on competition. Slow the gulper by placing a large non-swallowable bowl in the bowl so she must eat around it. Invest in a foraging feeder, bowls designed to make dogs work to reach the food.
Grass Eating: Most dogs occasionally eat grass, which may be used as a natural emetic to stimulate vomiting when the dog feels unwell. Some dogs may simply relish the flavor or texture. Some speculation exists that grass grazing may provide trace elements or vitamins.
Hot Spots: A hot spot is a localized area of self-induced trauma that becomes infected. Dogs with heavy double coats like Chow Chows and German Shepherd Dogs seem most prone to developing hot spots immediately prior to shedding. A natural remedy for hot spots is the tannic acid found in black tea. This astringent helps dry out the sores so they heal more quickly. Soak a tea bag in hot water, let it cool, and apply the bag directly to the sore for five minutes. You can do this three or four times a day.
Ibuprofen poisoning: The drug prevents oxygen from being absorbed into the blood, which may result in your dog’s gums turning blue from lack of oxygen, and the dog having difficulty breathing. Induce vomiting using three percent hydrogen peroxide, one tablespoon per 10 pounds of pet, and immediately contact your veterinarian.
Jumping Up: This is a normal greeting behavior for dogs who wish to nuzzle and lick each other’s faces. A submissive dog aims attention at a dominant individual’s eyes and mouth. Therefore, licking the owner’s face is a canine “howdy!” — a way to solicit attention. Teach your dog a conflicting behavior such as “fetch your ball.” She can’t jump up if she’s running to bring you her ball or other favorite toy.
Kneecap Slipping: The condition is considered common in toy breed dogs, but can affect any size or breed of dog. Dogs may show no signs at all, or may suffer intermittent lameness and limping as the kneecap slips in and out of place. Keeping your dog slim and preventing excessive jumping can reduce the risk of repeat injury.
Licking Sores: Acral lick granuloma is a common condition thought to be associated with canine boredom. The affected dog incessantly licks a selected area, usually on a lower leg, which creates a raised, hairless ulcerative plaque. An owner’s interaction — spending more one-on-one time with the dog playing games, walking, or training — is beneficial.
Music Therapy: Music therapy not only blocks out scary sounds, but actually changes the way the brain processes emotion. Soft music with a slow, steady rhythm helps calm agitated dogs and rambunctious puppies. Music with a pulse of about 60 beats per minute slows the brain waves so the listener feels more relaxed and peaceful and shifts the consciousness into a more alert state. This rhythm also slows breathing, which calms the mind and improves the metabolism
Nose: Humans have between five to 20 million scent-analyzing cells, but canine scent sense varies between breeds. For instance, the Dachshund has about 125 million such cells, compared to the German Shepherd Dog’s 200 million. The best sniffer of them all, the Bloodhound, is said to have 300 million olfactory cells.
Obesity: Defined as body fat that exceeds 30 percent beyond the ideal, obesity most often affects middle-aged and older dogs and is the most common nutritional disorder of dogs. According to the 2014 statistics published by Association for Pet Obesity Prevention, 52.7 percent of dogs are overweight or obese.
Proptosis of Eyeball: A sharp blow to the head or bite wounds may cause the eyeball to prolapse, or “pop” from the socket. To prevent the surface from drying, place a wet gauze sponge or wet cloth over the eye until you reach veterinary help. Don’t try to manipulate the eyeball back into place yourself; you could cause even more damage. The eyeball will need to be surgically replaced.
Quarantine: A dog incubating a highly contagious disease becomes sick within two to three weeks of exposure. Quarantine the new dog for a minimum of two weeks (a month is better) to reduce risk of exposure for your other pets.
Rolling: Certain pungent scents prompt rolling behavior in dogs. This scent ecstasy is similar to what cats experience when exposed to catnip, however, the canine indulgence is a good bit more noxious, and tends toward offal. Experts theorize that perfuming themselves with such scents may allow the dog to carry the smelly message home, so other dogs can “read” all about it.
Shedding: Light exposure, either to sun or artificial light, determines the amount and timetable of canine shedding. Environmental temperature has a lesser influence. More hair is shed during the greatest exposure to light, which typically coincides with the summer months. In fact, house dogs under constant exposure to artificial light may shed all year long.
Temperature: The adult dog’s normal body temperature ranges from 101 to 102.5 degrees, while a newborn puppy’s temperature is considerably lower at 92 to 97 degrees. A body temperature outside the normal range is an indication of illness. Temperatures higher than normal are referred to as a fever, and can be a sign of infection, or of heat stroke. A drop in body temperature may indicate shock as a result of trauma, or loss of body heat from extreme cold.
Uveitis: Uveitis refers to an inflammation of the iris, the colored portion of the eye, and the ciliary body that supports the lens and produces fluid of the front portion of the eye. The condition is common in dogs, and may affect only one eye or both. Unless diagnosed and treated, the dog may lose her sight in that eye. Dogs may squint, suffer watery eyes, clouding of the cornea or even a change in eye color.
Vestibular Syndrome: Middle-aged and senior dogs sometimes suffer from sudden, unexplained balance problems referred to as vestibular syndrome. The pet commonly begins to suffer from dizzy behavior, head tilt, circling, and falling with difficulty getting up. Often the pet’s eyes will jerk back and forth from side to side. Most cases gradually get better on their own over a period of a week to a month.
Wart: Young dogs may develop a condition called papillomatosis in which warts develop in their mouths, or sometimes on the eyelids, cornea, conjunctiva, or skin in other locations. The condition may be spread to another dog by close contact with an infected dog. Papillomatosis is almost always a transient condition, which cures by itself with a few months.
Xylitol poisoning: The ingested substance may cause vomiting, lack of coordination, seizures and even liver failure. Bleeding may develop in the dog’s gastrointestinal track or abdomen, as well as dark red specks or splotches on his gums. Usually the symptoms happen quickly, within 15 to 30 minutes of ingestion, but some types of sugar-free gum may not cause symptoms for up to 12 hours. If you see your dog eat something containing xylitol, induce vomiting immediately and then get to the veterinarian.
Yellow Skin (Jaundice): Jaundice refers to the abnormal yellow discoloration of bodily tissues and fluids. In dogs, jaundice is most easily seen in thinly furred or light-colored areas of the body, such as the insides of the ears or whites of the eyes. It is a sign of abnormal liver function, and results from the abnormal deposition of bile pigments throughout the body.
Zinc-Responsive Dermatosis: This is a skin disorder caused by a deficiency of zinc in the diet. Alaskan Malamutes, Bull Terriers, Samoyeds and Siberian Huskies may inherit a genetic defect that interferes with the proper absorption of zinc. Signs include thinning of the fur, and a scaly dermatitis especially on the face. The dog’s feet also typically develop thick calluses, and crack and bleed. Correcting the diet, along with short-term zinc supplementation, may reverse the signs of disease.
By Sarah Zumhofe
Sarah Zum Hofe was born in 1987 in St. Louis, MO- and has since then had a love affair with animals!